Article Retraction and Withdrawal

It is generally a principle of scholarly communication that the journal Editor or proceedings is solely and independently responsible for deciding which articles submitted might be published. Through manufacturing this decision, the Editor is guided by the journal’s editorial board policies and constrained by such legal requirements related to slander, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The result of this principle is the significance of scientifical archives as permanent historic records of scholarship transactions. Articles that have been published should remain extant, exact, and unaltered as far as possible. However, occasionally circumstances can arise where an article is published that must later be retracted or even removed. Such actions must not be undertaken lightly and can only occur under extraordinary circumstances. Throughout cases, our archives at the Journal of Community Development will hold all versions of articles, including those that were recalled or deleted.

This policy has been designed to resolve this problem and to consider the best practice in the community of academics and libraries. As long as standards develop and change, we will revisit this problem and receive all of the input from the library and academic community. We believe this problem needs an international standard and will actively lobby for various information to establish an international standard and the best practice which could be adopted by industrial information and publishing.

The Indonesian Journal of Chemical Studies (IJCS) takes its responsibility to maintain the integrity and completeness of the scholarly record of our content for all end users very seriously. Changes to articles after they have been published online may only be made under the circumstances outlined below. Indonesian Journal of Chemical Studies (IJCS) places great importance on the authority of articles after they have been published and our policy is based on best practices in the academic publishing community.


An Erratum is a statement by the authors of the original paper that briefly describes any correction(s) resulting from errors or omissions. Any effects on the conclusions of the paper should be noted. The corrected article is not removed from the online journal, but notice of erratum is given. The Erratum is made freely available to all readers and is linked to the corrected article.

Article Retraction

A Retraction is a notice that the paper should not be regarded as part of the scientific literature. Retractions are issued if there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, this can be as a result of misconduct or honest error; if the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper referencing, permission, or justification; if the work is plagiarized; or if the work reports unethical research. To protect the integrity of the record, the retracted article is not removed from the online journal, but notice of retraction is given, is made freely available to all readers, and is linked to the retracted article. Retractions can be published by the authors when they have discovered substantial scientific errors; in other cases, the Editors or Publisher may conclude that retraction is appropriate. The notification of retraction will be published and a link to the original article clearly marked as canceled. In addition, the notification will also include withdrawal reasons and who retracted the article. The original article will not be removed from the online version and print journal version, but it will be identified as a retracted article. Retraction will also be listed on the content page. In all cases, the retraction indicates the reason for the action and who is responsible for the decision. If a retraction is made without the unanimous agreement of the authors, that is also noted. In rare and extreme cases involving legal infringement, the Publisher may redact or remove an article. Bibliographic information about the article will be retained to ensure the integrity of the scientific record. The following guideline may also be helpful: COPE Guidelines for Retracting Articles.

Article Withdrawal

Article withdrawal is strongly discouraged and only used in exceptional circumstances for an early version of an article that has been accepted for publication but has not been officially published yet but may have already appeared online. The version may contain errors, may have been posted inadvertently twice, or may violate journal publishing ethics guidelines (e.g. multiple submissions, false claim about authorship, plagiarism, improper use of data, etc). In such situations, especially in case of legal/ethical violation or false/inaccurate data that could pose a risk of harm if it is used, it merely can be decided to withdraw the article's initial version from our electronic platform. Withdrawal stands with the article content (both HTML and PDF versions) removed and replaced with HTML and PDF pages stating that the article has been withdrawn in accordance with Indonesian Journal Publisher’s withdrawing article policy along with a link to the policy. Additional note, if the author has his/her own copyright for the article, it doesn’t mean he/she has the right to withdraw it after publication. The integrity of the published scientific records is paramount and this policy on revocation and withdrawal still applies in such cases. 

Article Removal

In an extremely limited number of cases, the published article may need to be removed from our online platform. It will only happen if an article is clearly defamatory, or violate another person’s legal rights, or where the article is located, or we have the strong reason to expect, being the subject of a court order, or where the article, if acted upon, may pose a serious health risk. In such circumstances, while the metadata (i.e. title and author information)of the article will be retained, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating that the article has been removed for legal reasons.

Article Replacement

In cases where the article, if followed up, could pose a serious health risk, the author of the original paper may wish to recall the original document and replace it with the corrected version. In such circumstances, the above removal procedure will be followed by differences that the article retraction notification will contain revised link and republished it along with the document history.

Publisher's Note

A Publisher's Note notifies readers that an article has been corrected subsequent to publication. It is issued by the Publisher and is used in cases where typographical or production errors (which are the fault of the Publisher) affect the integrity of the article metadata (such as title, author list, or byline) or will significantly impact the readers' ability to comprehend the article. The original article is removed and replaced with a corrected version. Publisher's Notes are freely available to all readers. Minor errors that do not affect the integrity of the metadata or a reader's ability to understand an article and that do not involve a scientific error or omission will be corrected at the discretion of the Publisher.

In such a case, the original article is removed and replaced with a corrected version. The date the correction is made is noted on the corrected article. Authors should also be aware that an original article can only be removed and replaced with a corrected version less than one year after the original publication date. Corrections to an article that has a publication date that is older than one year will only be documented by a Publisher's Note.