Graphical Abstract


To give readers an immediate understanding of the take‐home message of the scientific paper, a Graphical Abstract needed to be completed. Graphical abstracts are a single image and are designed to help the reader quickly gain an overview of a scholarly paper, research article, thesis, or review: and to quickly ascertain the purpose and results of a given research, as well as the salient details of authors and journals. The Graphical Abstract is also intended to encourage browsing, promote interdisciplinary scholarship, and help readers quickly identify which papers are most relevant to their research interests.

Since Vol. 2 No. 1 (June 2023), the Graphical Abstract is mandatory in this journal. Please see the guidance: